Tuesday, August 02, 2005
The Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious Marketing Experiment and Other “One-Time Items”
It’s the tale-end of earnings season, at least for companies on a calendar fiscal year, and for the most part earnings have been terrific—despite a very mixed reaction among the stocks themselves, especially in the technology sector.
For example, Apple, IBM, Amazon and eBay had nothing particularly spectacular to say—and yet their stocks took off based on little more than a relief that earnings had not disappointed and that guidance was, as Wall Street’s Finest like to say, “upbeat.”
Yahoo, Google and Microsoft, on the other had, reported no great tragedies—yet guidance was not judged “upbeat” enough, making the Street suddenly “downbeat” about their prospects and, therefore, sellers of those stocks.
So it is that these and other well-run companies have reported, and what is left are the stragglers—and one in particular that we monitor rather closely which will report tomorrow (following a one-week delay reportedly owing to unforeseen complications from a headquarters move and technology investments and an acquisition).
The company, of course, is Overstock.com, and in the spirit of this blog, which is to look at facts rather than engage in speculation, I thought it worthwhile to examine Wall Street’s earnings expectations for the company and provide my own preview.
For starters, Wall Street’s Finest are all predicting a fairly tight range of revenues right around $150 million, which their computers all seem to translate into a net loss in the equally tight 22c to 24c per share range.
One independent outlier expects far lower sales and somewhat lower earnings than the Street so we will ignore him for purposes of assessing "the consensus." The most bullish "consensus" analyst, as I can see, is Craig Bibb, who assumed coverage at WR Hambrecht in April, a few months after the previous analyst, Bill Lennan, cut his earnings and revenue numbers and took his price target from $85 to $60, helping spark a decline in the stock.
Bibb took over for Lennan with a buy rating and a decidedly cheery note in which he compared Overstock.com CEO Patrick Byrne to Olympic Ski Champion Bode Miller. I am not making that up.
Bibb further ingratiated himself with Overstock by writing that “Management is taking a dynamic approach to finding the efficient frontier of growth and profitability…,” precisely the kind of Wall Street lingo that makes sense only if you start your day sniffing glue.
But back to our earnings preview: Wall Street expects Overstock.com to report a $4 million-plus operating loss in the second quarter of 2005—about a million worse than the $3.4 million operating loss reported in the first quarter of 2005.
This is based on a modest sequential decline in revenues, a pick-up in gross margins, and far higher selling, marketing, administrative and technology costs than in Q1.
To the naïve observer, this losing-money forecast makes no sense, because in his first quarter 2005 letter to investors Patrick Byrne identified $7.9 million worth of supposedly one-time items that reduced first quarter earnings, without which the company would have been handsomely profitable.
(Byrne had done the same thing in the fourth quarter of 2004, identifying $6.5 million of one-time items that supposedly hurt reported earnings.)
The items enumerated by Byrne this time included a $1.2 million shipping promotion; a $600,000 blown electronics deal; a $1.2 million bonus accrual; $1.8 million to market an auction and jewelry site; $500,000 on technology consultants; and a $2.6 million “binomial marketing experiment” which apparently, like Frankenstein’s Monster, went horribly wrong before it could be killed.
(For the record, even though nobody listening to that conference call had the faintest idea what constituted a “binomial marketing experiment,” Wall Street’s Finest dutifully wrote down “binomial marketing experiment” in their word processors and sprinkled the howler throughout their research reports later that afternoon and in subsequent documents, without ever actually explaining what a “binomial marketing experiment” might be.
I believe Patrick Byrne could have called it a “Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious marketing experiment,” and Wall Street’s Finest would have dutifully written “Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious marketing experiment” in their reports without a second thought.)
So, back to the first quarter numbers, and assuming Byrne was being accurate with those numbers on the conference call—keep in mind this is a man who tosses around numbers on conference calls like bond traders toss around $50 bills at Scores—Overstock would have reported $3.5 million worth of positive operating earnings in the first quarter.
And, therefore, without the $2.6 million Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious marketing experiment, the $1.2 million shipping promotion, the $1.2 million bonus accrual, the $600,000 blown electronics deal, the $500,000 on consultants and the $1.8 million on auction and jewelry sites that are stumbling out of the gate, Overstock should be able to make money in the second quarter—even assuming higher depreciation, higher rent and higher technology costs.
Unless, of course, Doctor Byrne was not being precisely, um, accurate with the $7.9 million worth of so-called one-time costs.
For help on this, I turned to Overstock’s “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (usually referred to as the MDA) in Overstock’s first quarter 10Q filing with the SEC, where companies normally enumerate those items which had significant impacts on earnings.
And in so doing I couldn’t find even one of the $7.9 million worth of items highlighted by Doctor Byrne.
For the record, the MDA is the place in a 10Q and 10K where companies are expected to discuss the guts of their business and report important factors behind changes in sales, margins and expenses.
Here’s what the SEC expects in the MDA:
The Commission has long recognized the need for a narrative explanation of the financial statements, because numerical presentations and brief accompanying footnotes alone may be insufficient for an investor to judge the quality of earnings and the likelihood that past performance is indicative of future performance. MD&A is intended to give the investor an opportunity to look at the company through the eyes of management by providing both a short and long-term analysis of the business of the company.
The discussion and analysis shall focus specifically on material events and uncertainties known to management that would cause reported financial information not to be necessarily indicative of future operating results or of future financial condition.
For the record, Amazon’s latest-quarter MDA runs for 28 pages, with great detail on all manner of sales and expense items.
Google’s first-quarter 2005 MDA runs 36 pages.
Overstock.com’s Q1 MDA runs for a little over 2 pages, offering a bare-bones description of the company and the components of its income statement, and that’s about it. Pull it off the web site yourself: you will find that in place of what normally constitutes the bulk of the MDA is something called an “Executive Commentary” which, for some reason, is excluded from the MDA with the following disclaimer:
This executive commentary is intended as a supplement to, but not a substitute for, the more detailed discussion of our business elsewhere herein.
Yet even here, only the $2.6 million marketing experiment was mentioned, and none of the other cost items Byrne had highlighted.
You’d expect a company that missed a quarter thanks mainly to $7.9 million worth of one-offs would explain this somewhere.
And so we await tomorrow’s report, which will no doubt include a wonderfully descriptive letter by the ever-erudite Doctor Byrne, explaining things to Wall Street’s Finest, and a conference call with Wall Street's Finest asking acute and piercing questions of Doctor Byrne.
In the meantime, anybody with an informed opinion on the nature of those Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious “one-time” costs that seem to crop up time after time in the shareholder letters and conference call discussions is welcome to enlighten our readers here.
Tomorrow we will see whether Wall Street’s Finest—who expect a loss; or the naive reader of Overstock’s first quarter earnings report—who might expect a profit if for nothing else than the non-recurrence of $7.9 million worth of one-time items, is right.
I Am Not Making This Up
The content contained in this blog represents the opinions of Mr. Matthews. Mr. Matthews also acts as an advisor and clients advised by Mr. Matthews may hold either long or short positions in securities of various companies discussed in the blog based upon Mr. Matthews' recommendations.
Posted by Jeff Matthews at 12:55 PM